Fatima Zahra (A.S.). She is also called As-Siddiqah (the Honest/. Truthful), Al-Mubarakah(The Blessed One,) At-Taherah (The. Virtuous), Az-Zakiyah (The

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The Life of Hazrat Fatima Zahra (A.S.) Written by: Dr. Seyyed Ja‚far Shaheedi Translated by: Dr. Yunus Ja‚fari Edited by: Prof. S.M. Waseem Project Manager : Ali Dehgahi and Majid Ahmadi Cover Designer : Aisha Fozia Second Edition : 2012 Published by : Research and Publication Section Iran Culture House 18, Tilak Marg, New Delhi (India) Tel: 23383232, 33, 34 Fax: 23387547 newdelhi@icro.ir http://newdelhi.icro.ir ISBN: 964-439-119-5 ® All Rights Reserved Alhoda International Publishers & Distributors www.al-hoda.org alhoda@icro.org Printed by:Alpha Art Noida vi

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viii The Life of Hazrat Fatima Zahra ( A . S ) The book has been aptly edited by Prof. Shah Waseem, who is well known for his contributions in his chosen field of study as well as other areas including Islamic Studies. I hope that this book will be useful not only for information- seeking readers but also for researchers and students. Morteza Shafiee Shakeeb Cultural Counsellor Embassy of the I. R. Iran New Delhi (INDIA)

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Editor™s Note The book in hand is an abridged edition of the valuable and scholarly work by Dr. Ja‚far Shaheedi, a famous Iranian researcher and author of a number of books to his credit. It has been translated by Dr. Younus Ja‚fari, who deserves credit for his translation. While skipping the matter at places, he has ably chosen the matter to maintain continuity of the text. In editing, care has been taken to objectively review the book without affecting its purportive presentation and the emphatic arguments, placed by the author to make evident the subject in his lucid style. However, in the interest of flow of language and its diction, whereever deemed necessary, the blue pencil has been used, as also substituting suitable words to help improve the translation. At places, the original text was consulted for doing the needful; of course, with care and prudence to retain the charm and coherence. In any case, the text carries its continuity. I take this opportunity to offer my greetings and good wishes to all the believers, those who venerate and pay respects to Hazrat Fatima Zahra (A.S.). She is also called As-Siddiqah (the Honest/ Truthful), Al-Mubarakah (The Blessed One,) At-Taherah (The Virtuous), Az-Zakiyah (The Chaste), Ar-Radiah (The Gratified One), Al-Mardhiah (The One who pleases Allah), Al- Mohadditha (The Narrator of the Hadith) Al-Batool (The Pure One), and Az-Zahra (The Splendid One). She was the one whom the Holy Prophet (p.b.u.h.) referred as Umm Abiha , and who was very dear to him. It is recorded that the Holy Prophet (p.b.u.h.) referring to Hazrat Fatima (a. s) said: fiWhoever ix

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x The Life of Hazrat Fatima Zahra ( A . S ) will hurt her, will hurt mefl. As daughter of the Holy Prophet (p.b.u.h.), as wife of Imam Ali (p.b.u.h.), and as mother of Imam Hasan (p.b.u.h.), Imam Husain (p.b.u.h.), and her pious and revered daughters, Hazrat Zainab and Hazrat Umm Kulthum, Hazrat Fatima™s (A.S.) role is exemplary and unparalled in history. Assessing her role in world history and civilisation and above all the Religion – Islam – one can confidently believe that the succerss story of a woman is evidently written by her children. No woman in the world can ever match her contributions to human behaviour, service to the cause of Islam, and above all obedience to Allah. She deserves all praises and respect. Refer to her Khutbas (Sermons) to appreciate and assess her contribution to the cause of human rights, and in defence of one™s rights, also those falling within women™s right. I thank Mr. Jalal Tamleh, former Director, Iran Culture House, New Delhi, for asking me to edit the book. Prof. S. M. Waseem Aligarh, India

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Khadija, her genealogy, her life, her father, her family, her mar- riage with Mohammed son of ‘Abdullah, the children of the Prophet born of her, birth of Fatima, the analysis of the historical records related to the birth of the daughter of the Prophet. II The name and the titles of the daughter of the Prophet, the initial education of Fatima Zahra, her asceticism in childhood, the death of Khadija and Abu Talib, the Prophet’s regard for Fatima. III The proposals of marriage to Fatima, the marriage proposal by ‘Ali, the dowry of the daughter of the Prophet, the marriage cer- emony of Fatima, the marriage feast, shifting of Fatima to the house of her husband, the analysis of the writings of Ibn Shehr A™shob. IV The life of Fatima Zahra in the house of her husband, analysis of the presence of Asma’ the daughter of ‘Amis in the marriage cer- emony of Fatima Zahra, the anxiety of the Prophet on Fatima being away from him, the shifting of ‘Ali and Fatima to the house of Haretha bin No’man, the Jews, Abdullah bin Ubbi and the Prophet, the sacrifices of ‘Ali and Fatima. V The birth of Imam Hasan, the war of Uhod, the damage in the war. Contents I xi

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