68 KB – 64 Pages

PAGE – 2 ============
1 APHIS Delaying Implementation of Specific NPIP Program Standard ChangesDuring the 2018 Biennial Conference, National Poultry Improvement Plan (NPIP) members voted on several changes to the Program Standards and suggested updates to the NPIP regula -tions. APHIS recently published updated program standards, but the corresponding updates to the NPIP regulations are not yet published. Because several of the changes to the Program Standards are closely related to the regulation updates, APHIS is delaying the implementation of certain parts of the Program Standards until corresponding regulation changes are finalized.The sections with delayed implementation are:Sections of the Program Standards for the Compartmentalization Program that mention the Newcastle Disease program: This new program must be listed in the regulations before it becomes effective. Program Standard B(1) that was removed and Program Standard B(2) that was changed: These changes are delayed until the regulations are updated to remove the Pullorum antigen test as a requirement for SE Clean.Definitions of H5/H7 LPAI virus (exposed) and H5/H7 LPAI virus (infected) in the Program Standards Table of Contents: These definitions must be changed in the regulations before they become effective. On December 5, APHIS published in the Federal Register a proposed regulation change that includes the necessary changes to the NPIP regulations. The public comment period runs through February 3, 2020. Following the regulatory process, APHIS will review all public comments before any future actions.The remaining program standards updates are effective on Tuesday, December 10, 2019.

PAGE – 3 ============
2 PROGRAM STANDARDS OF THE NATIONAL POULTRY IMPROVEMENT PLAN TABLE OF CONTENTS Page Section 4 Introduction 6 Definitions Standard A Blood Testing Procedures 1 2 1 The standard tube agglutination test 6 1 5 2 The rapid serum test 7 1 5 3 The stained – antigen, rapid, whole – blood test 8 1 6 4 The microagglutination test for pullorum – typhoid 1 8 5 Procedure for determining the status of flocks reacting to tests for Mycoplasma gallisepticum, Mycoplasma synoviae, and Mycoplasma meleagridis 1 9 6 Standard test procedure for mycoplasma 9 2 3 7 Procedures for preparing egg yolk samples for diagnostic tests 2 4 8 Standard test procedures for avian influenza Standard B Bacteriological Examination Procedures 30 1 Laboratory procedure recommended for the bacteriological examination of egg – t ype breeding f locks with salmonella enteritidis positive environments 30 2 Laboratory procedure recommended for the bacteriological examination of Salmonella 3 3 3 Procedures for collection, isolation, and identification of Salmonella from environmental samples, cloacal swabs, chick box papers, and meconium samples 3 8 4 Procedure for bacteriological culturing of eggshells for colon bacilli organisms 3 8 5 Pro cedures to determine status and effectiveness of sanitation monitored program 3 9 6 Laboratory procedure recommended for the bacteriological examination of M ycoplasma Reactors 17 4 2 7 Procedure for the evaluation of mycoplasma reactors by in vivo bio – assay (enrichment) 4 3 8 Laboratory procedure recommended for the bacteriological examination of cull chicks and poults for salmonella

PAGE – 4 ============
3 Page Section Standard C — Sanitation Procedures 4 4 1 Flock sanitation 4 5 2 Hatching egg sanitation 4 5 3 Hatchery sanitation 4 6 4 Cleaning and disinfecting 4 7 5 Fumigation 4 7 6 Procedures for establishing isolation and maintaining sanitation and good manag ement practices for the control of salmonella and Mycoplasma infections 4 8 7 Procedures recommended to prevent the spread of disease by artificial insemination of turkeys 4 9 8 Hygiene and biosecurity procedures for poultry primary breeding flocks a nd hatcheries Standard D Molecular Examination Procedures 5 2 1 Laboratory procedure recommended for the polymerase chain reaction (PCR) test for Mycoplasma gallisepticum and M. synoviae 5 3 2 Laboratory procedures recommended for the real – time polymerase chain reaction test for mycoplasma gallisepticum (MGLP ReTi) 5 4 3 Laboratory procedures recommended for the conventional polymerase chain reaction test for Salmonella Enteritidis 5 6 4 Laboratory procedures recommended for the real – tim e polymerase chain reaction test for Salmonella sp. Group D 5 7 5 Laboratory procedure recommended to produce proficiency test sample sets for D iseases sampled in the poultry upper respiratory tract 5 8 6 Use of rRt – PCR for AI testing in waterfowl 5 9 7 Approved tests Standard E Biosecurity Principles 60 1 Biosecurity R esponsibility 60 2 Training 60 3 Line of Separation (LOS) 61 4 Perimeter Buffer A rea (PBA) 61 5 Personnel 61 6 Wild Birds, Rodents and Insects 61 7 Equipment and Vehicles 61 8 Mortality Disposal 62 9 Manure and Litter Management 62 10 Replacement Poultry 62 11 Water Supplies 62 12 Feed and Replacement Litter 62 13 Reporting of Elevated Morbidity and Mortality 62 14 Auditing

PAGE – 5 ============
4 Introduction These program standards describe specific tests and sanitation procedures. Formerly, these tests and procedures were outlined in our regulations at title 9, Code of Federal Regulations (9 CFR) part 147. We have amended our regulations to require that tests to be performed and sanitation to be maintained in a manner approved by the Administrator. The recommended tests and sanitation procedures are contained in this document. These changes streamline the provisions of the Plan, keep those provisions current with changes in the poultry industry, and provide for the use of new sampling and testing procedures. Changes to this document are voted on and approved by the voting delegates at the Plan’s Biennial National Pl an Conference. cooperative Federal – State – industry mechanism for controlling certain poultry diseases. The Plan consists of a variety of programs intended to prevent and cont rol poultry diseases. Participation in all Plan programs is voluntary, but breeding flocks, hatcheries, and dealers must first qualify as U.S. Pullorum – Typhoid Clean as a condition for participating in the other Plan programs. The Plan identifies Stat es, flocks, hatcheries, dealers, and slaughter plants that meet certain disease control standards specified in the Plan’s various programs. As a result, customers can buy poultry that has tested clean of certain diseases or that has been produced under dis ease prevention conditions. The NPIP regulations in 9 CFR parts 145 and 146 contain requirements that must be observed by flocks that participate in the Plan. These requirements include requirements to test poultry for the specific disease addressed by ea ch classification in which the flock participates. The procedures by which that testing is conducted have historically been contained in 9 CFR part 147, subparts A, B, and D. Subpart A set out blood testing procedures, subpart B set out bacteriological exa mination procedures, and subpart D set out molecular examination procedures, which currently include polymerase chain reaction (PCR) tests. In addition, subpart C of part 147 contained sanitation procedures. These test and sanitation procedures are now inc orporated into this Program Standards document. We have prepared this program standards document for several reasons. First, there are constant changes in the science and technology that go into developing effective, efficient tests. To have a successful voluntary program to reduce the incidence of disease in poultry, we need to be able to update the NPIP testing procedures when new scientific evidence indicates that different procedures can increase the reliability of a test, or when new technology is dev eloped to make a test more efficient or accurate. In addition, new tests are also continually developed that can provide valuable alternatives to existing approved tests. For example, there has been a great deal of progress in developing PCR tests in rece nt years. Adding such tests allows NPIP participants to take advantage of the latest testing technology.

PAGE – 6 ============
5 Similarly, the sanitation procedures used as best practices to prevent the introduction or spread of disease in poultry flock are constantly changin g, as more information becomes available about possible sources of infection and about the effectiveness of various means of preventing infection. In the past, we have updated the regulations once every 2 years, following the biennial Plan Conference. H owever, with the continual changes in diagnostic science and testing technology, and in best practices for maintaining sanitation, the biennial update schedule has resulted in the regulations becoming out of date between updates. When this happens, sometim es the Plan’s General Conference Committee (GCC) approves interim changes to the tests or sanitation procedures in accordance with the process outlined in 9 CFR147.43(d)(5)(iii). We hope to make the program more effective by making all participants aware o f the new tests and sanitation procedures immediately by updating this document which we intend to be recognized in the regulations as a resource for tests and sanitation procedures. Finally, tests can be difficult to render in the regulations. The curren t regulations in 9 CFR 147.11 and 9 CFR 147.12, for example, contain diagrams and flow charts that are part of larger processes, all of which require several pages to describe in narrative format. These program standards allow us to lay out our tests in an easier – to – understand format.

PAGE – 8 ============
7 Commercial table – egg A farm containing contiguous flocks of commercial table – egg layers under layer premises common ownership. Commercial table – egg A table – egg layer flock prior to the onset of egg production. layer pullet flock Cooperating State Agency Any State authority recognized by the Department to cooperate in the administration of the provisions of 9 CFR part 56. This may include th e State animal health authority or the Official State Agency. Dealer An individual or business that deals in commerce in hatching eggs, newly hatched poultry, and started poultry obtained from breeding flocks and hatcheries. This does not include an indiv idual or business that deals in commerce in buying and selling poultry for slaughter only. Department The U.S. Department of Agriculture. Domesticated Propagated and maintained under the control of a person. Equivalent or equivalent Requirements which are equal to or exceed the program, conditions, criteria, or requirements classifications with which they are compared, as determined by the Official State Agency and with the concurrence of the Service. Exposed (Exposure) Contact with birds, equipment, personnel, supplies, or any article infected with, or contaminated by, communicable poultry disease organisms. Flock: (1) As applied to breeding. All poultry of one kind of mating (breed and variety or combination of stocks) and of one classification on one farm. (2) As applied to disease control. All of the poultry on one farm except that, at the discretion of the Official State Agency, any group of poultry which is segregated from another group and has been so segregated for a peri od of at least 21 days may be considered as a separate flock. Fluff sample Feathers, shell membrane, and other debris resulting from the hatching of poultry. Fowl typhoid or typhoid A disease of poultry caused by Salmonella gallinarum . Franchise breeder A breeder who normally sells products under a specific strain or trade name and who authorizes other hatcheries to produce and sell products under this same strain or trade name. Franchise hatchery A hatchery which has been authorized by a fran chise breeder to produce and sell products under the breeder’s strain or trade name. H5/H7 low pathogenic An infection of poultry caused by an influenza A virus of H5 or H7 subtype that avian influenza (LPAI ) has an intravenous pathogenicity index in 6 – week – old chickens of less than 1.2 or less than 75 percent mortality in 4 – to 8 – week – old chickens infected intravenously, or an infection with influenza A viruses of H5 or H7 subtype with a cleavage site that is not consistent with a previously identified highly pathogenic avian influenza virus.

PAGE – 9 ============
8 H5/H7 LPAI virus (1) Poultry will be considered to be infected with H5/H7 LPAI for the infection (infected) purposes of this part if: (i) H5/H7 LPAI virus has been isolated and identified as such from poultry; or (ii) Viral antigen or viral RNA specific to the H5 or H7 subtype of AI virus has been detected in poultry; or (iii) Antibodies to the H5 or H7 subtype of the AI virus that are not a consequence of vaccination have been detected in poultry. If vaccine is used, methods should be used to distinguish vaccinated birds from birds that are both vaccinated and infected. In the case of isolated serological positive results, H5/H7 LPAI infection may be ruled out on the basis of a thorough epidemiological investi gation that does not demonstrate further evidence of H5/H7 LPAI infection, as determined by APHIS. (2) The official determination that H5/H7 LPAI virus has been isolated and identified, viral antigen or viral RNA specific to the H5 or H7 subtype of AI viru s has been detected, or antibodies to the H5 or H7 subtype of AI virus have been detected may only be made by the National Veterinary Services Laboratories. Hatchery Hatchery equipment on one premises operated or controlled by any person for the productio n of baby poultry. Independent flock A flock that produces hatching eggs and that has no ownership affiliation with a specific hatchery. Infected flock A flock in which an authorized laboratory has discovered one or more birds infected with a communicable poultry disease for which a program has been established under the Plan. Midlay Approximately 2 3 months after a flock begins to lay or after a molted f lock is put back into production. Multiplier A flock that is intended for the production of hatching eggs used for the purpose of breeding flock producing progeny for commercial egg or meat production or for other nonbreeding purposes. NPIP The Nationa l Poultry Improvement Plan. NPIP Program A document that contains tests and sanitation procedures approved by the Standards Administrator under 9 CFR 147.53. This document may be obtained from the NPIP Web site at http://www. poultryimprovemet.org or by writing to the Service at National Poultry Improvement Plan, APHIS, USDA, 1506 Klondike Road, Suite 101, Conyers, GA 30094. NPIP Technical A committee made up of technical experts on poultry health, biosecurity, Committee surveillance, and diagno stics. The committee consists of representatives from the poultry and egg industries, universities, and State and Federal governments and is appointed by the Senior Coordinator and approved by the General Conference Committee.

PAGE – 10 ============
9 Official State Agency The State authority recognized by the Department to cooperate in the administration of the Plan. Official supervision : (1) As applied to Plan programs. The direction, inspection, and critical evaluation by the Official State Agency of compliance with the pr ovisions of the Plan. (2) As applied to non – Plan but equivalent State poultry improvement programs. The direction, inspection, and critical evaluation by an officer or agency of a State government, of compliance with a publicly announced State poultry impr ovement program. Person A natural person, firm, or corporation. Plan The provisions of the National Poultry Improvement Plan. Poultry Domesticated fowl, including chickens, turkeys, ostriches, emus, rheas, cassowaries, waterfowl, and game birds, except doves and pigeons, which are bred for the primary purpose of producing eggs or meat. Primary breeding A flock composed of one or more generations that is maintained for the purpose of flock establishing, continuing, or improving parent lines. Products Poultry breeding stock and hatching eggs, baby poultry, and started poultry. Program Management, sanitation, testing, and monitoring procedures which, if complied with, will qualify, and maintain qualification for, designation of a flock, products produce d from the flock, or a state by an official Plan classification and illustrative design, as described in 9 CFR 145.10. Public exhibition A public show of poultry. Pullorum disease A disease of poultry caused by Salmonella pullorum . or pullorum Reactor A bird that has a positive reaction to a test required or recommended in 9 CFR part 145 or these Program Standards for any poultry disease for which a program has been established under the Plan. Salmonella Any bacteria belonging to the genus Salmonella , including the arizona group. Sanitize To treat with a product which is registered by the Environmental Protection Agency as germicidal, fungicidal, pseudomonocidal, or tuberculocidal, in accordance with the specifications for use as shown on the label of each product. The Official State Agency, with the concurrence of the Service, shall approve each product or procedure according to its specified usage.

PAGE – 11 ============
10 Senior Coordinator An employee of the Service whose duties may include but will not necessarily be limited to: (1) Serving as executive secretary of the General Conference Committee. (2) Serving as chairperson of the Plan Conference described in 9 CFR 147.47. (3) Planning, organizing, and conducting the Plan Conference. (4) Reviewing NPIP authorized laboratories as described in 9 CFR 147.51. (5) Coordinating the State administration of the NPIP through periodic reviews of the administrative procedures of the Official State Agencies, according to the applicable provisions of the Plan and the Memorandum of Understanding. (6) Coordinating rulemaking to incorporate the proposed changes of the provisions approved at the Plan conference into the regulations in 9 CFR parts 145, 146, and 147. (7) Directing the production of official NPIP publications. (8) Prop osing an annual budget for plan activities and the General Conference Committee. (9) Providing overall administration of the NPIP. Service The Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service of the U.S. Department of Agriculture. Serial The total quantity of completed product which has been thoroughly mixed in a single container and identified by a serial number. Sexual maturity The average age at which a species of poultry is biologically capable of reproduction. Started poultry Young poultry (chicks, pulle ts, cockerels, capons, poults, ducklings, goslings, keets, etc.) that have been fed and watered and are less than 6 months of age. State Any of the States, the District of Columbia, the Commonwealth of Puerto Rico, Guam, the Commonwealth of the Northern M ariana Islands, the Virgin Islands of the United States, or any territory or possession of the United States. State Inspector Any person employed or authorized to perform functions under 9 CFR145.11(b) or 9 CFR 146.10(b). Stock A term used to identify th e progeny of a specific breeding combination within a species of poultry. These breeding combinations may include pure strains, strain crosses, breed crosses, or combinations thereof. Strain Poultry breeding stock bearing a given name produced by a breede r through at least five generations of closed flock breeding. Succeeding flock A flock brought onto a premises during the 12 months following removal of an infected flock. Suspect flock A flock shall be considered, for the purposes of the Plan, to be a suspect flock if any evidence exists that it has been exposed to a communicable poultry disease.

68 KB – 64 Pages