In the center of the Pacific Ocean gyre our researchers found more plastic than plankton. A Plastic Ocean documents the newest science, proving how plastics,

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1Educational Supplement©Plastic Oceans Foundation US, 201. This education supplement is provided with the educational screening license of A Plastic Ocean.No part of this education supplement may be reproduced in whole or in part in any manner without the permission of the copyright owne r.

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2Plastic Oceans Foundation A Plastic Ocean Œ Educational SupplementTable of Contents Table of Contents About this Guide About the Film Director™s Q&A Key Facts Possible Solutions, Possible Problems Discussion Questions Frequently Asked Questions Activities Worksheet: Word Search Worksheet: Crossword Glossary Take Action A Plastic Ocean: Facilitator™s Powerpoint Additional Resources 2345715202126323334374243www.PlasticOceans.org

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3About This GuideA Plastic Ocean helps educators teach their students to use the infor-mation presented in the documentary to learn about and create potential solutions to our plastic pollution A Plastic Ocean.How To Use This Guide A Plastic Ocean with their students. This guide This Guide Includes: Ł A Plastic Ocean ŁKey Facts Resource Sheet Ł1 Lesson Plan, containing: Ł10 discussion questions Ł5 In-classroom activities Ł8 Visual Key Facts Resource Sheets ŁFurther Resources ŁA Plastic Ocean: Facilitator™s Powerpoint: to guide you in leading a 20-minute discussion post-screening for your classThis Guide Is Designed For: ŁStudents, post-screening A Plastic Ocean ŁClasses, events, or trainings in areas such as: ŁEnvironmental Science ŁMarine Biology ŁGovernment and Politics ŁBusiness and Entrepreneurship ŁScience and Technology ŁService Learning

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4About the FilmScientists Solving a Jigsaw Puzzle Gyre by Gyre A Plastic Ocean documents the newest science, proving how plastics, once they enter the oceans, break up into small seafood™s fatty tissues, and are eventually consumed by us. Ł that would become A Plastic Ocean. Ł Jo had worked for the WWF International in Hong Kong and partnered with director and Pink Dolphins in Hong Kong. Ł Ł pollution in the gyres. Ł Ł on marine ecosystems and human health, including endocrine disruption.

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5Director™s Q&A: Craig Leeson Why did you want to get involved? The creatures that inhabited the sea became a source of intrigue and study, the me personally. When did you start recognizing plastic as a global environmental issue? In 2010, I became aware of one increasing source of pollution, which had until then escaped my notice. It was something I™d been told and taught was disposable. Plastic. From that moment, I noticed plastic everywhere and humans. Why do you think this is such an important issue for the world to address? Plastic is a man-made substance. It isn™t supposed to be in the environment and the environment has no way of dealing with it, so it is building up and poisoning our earth like a disease. We live in a world where we are using up those resources faster than is sustainable. Very few of us are taught that our oceans keep us alive. As Dr Sylvia Earle says fiwithout the blue there is no green.fl sources, medicines, come from the oceans or are sustained by them.

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6Plastic Oceans Foundation A Plastic Ocean Œ Educational Supplementwww.PlasticOceans.org If you do not know, then you cannot care. With knowing comes caring. By raising this issue we hope to begin a discourse on the problem that will promote and invoke change. We need to recognize solutions that work and come up with others that solve the problem of plastic that is already in the environment. Only through the sharing of information on this issue will the public change policy on how we treat plastic. How have you changed since taking on this project? I™ve become more self aware of the impact I™m having on the world around me. myself informing supermarket check-out people, takeaway servers, café owners, bankers, politicians and anyone who will listen about the detrimental impact of single

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The Problem: Plastic is Indestructible.Every item of plastic that has ever been created is still with us on the planet today. In the mid 50™s we were told that plastic was suitable for single use and could simply be thrown away. We now know that to be untrue yet we continue to treat it as such. 8Plastic Oceans Foundation A Plastic Ocean Œ Educational SupplementOur Plastic Usewww.PlasticOceans.org MILLION TONS OF PLASTICTONS of end of life3 LITERS of water tomake a 1 LITER bottle ofThat™s 2 MILLION tons of

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Beverage Bottles100.7 billion plastic beverage bottles were sold in the U.S. in 2014, or 315 bottles per person, according to the Container Recycling Institute. The process of producing bottled water requires around 6 times as much water per bottle as there is in the container. 14% of all litter comes from beverage containers. When caps and labels are considered, the number is higher. 57% of those units were plastic water bottles: 57.3 billion plastic water bottles sold in 2014. This is up from 3.8 billion plastic water bottles sold in 1996.9Plastic Oceans Foundation A Plastic Ocean ΠEducational Supplementwww.PlasticOceans.org

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PlasticPlastic is made from oil with a combination of chemical ingredients to Many of the chemicals used mimic estrogenic activity. This happens when a chemical like BPA or phthalate leeches from the plastic and enters the body, mimicking the hormone estrogen. All plastics are made from 10Plastic Oceans Foundation A Plastic Ocean ΠEducational Supplementwww.PlasticOceans.org

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Our Oceans and Plastic Pollution11Plastic Oceans Foundation A Plastic Ocean Œ Educational Supplement ‚gyres™ which are created by the Earth™s rotation and the resulting predominant winds. These are: North & Plastic waste pieces break up into much smaller bits as they are eroded by sunlight, salt water, currents and waves. These pieces of plastic have rough, pitted surfaces. 80%of ocean waste originates from land. This waste travels to the center of the gyre where it collects. Scientists estimate that it takes about for waste to reach the center of the ocean. 20 yearsMore than 50% of marine debris, including plastic, will sink.

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