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Published by: For additional copies:USDA FOREST SERVICE USDA Forest Service 11 CAMPUS BLVD SUITE 200 Publications DistributionNEWTOWN SQUARE PA 19073-3294 359 Main RoadSeptember 2004 Delaware, OH 43015-8640Revised March 2008 Fax: (740)368-0152 Revised publication available in CD-ROM onlyVisit our homepage at: http://www.nrs.fs.fed.us The CompilersMARY BETH ADAMS, soil scientist, LINDA H. LOUGHRY, secretary, LINDA L. PLAUGHER, support services supervisor, USDA Forest Service, Northeastern Research Station, Timber and Watershed Laboratory, Parsons, West Virginia. Manuscript received for publication 17 November 2003AbstractThe USDA Forest Service has an outstanding scientific resource in the 79 Experimental Forests and Ranges that exist across the United States and its territories. These valuable scientific resources incorporate a broad range of climates, forest types, research emphases, and history. This publication describes each of the research sites within the Experimental Forests and Ranges network, providing information about history, climate, vegetation, soils, long-term data bases, research history and research products, as well as identifying collaborative opportunities, and providing contact information.

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ContentsIntroduction .ivOverview.1International Institute of Tropical Forestry Estate Thomas Experimental Forest (U.S. Virgin Islands) ..10Luquillo Experimental Forest (Puerto Rico) .12Northern Research Station (formerly North Central Research Station)Argonne Experimental Forest (Wisconsin) ..16Big Falls Experimental Forest (Minnesota) .18Coulee Experimental Forest (Wisconsin) .19Cutfoot Sioux Experimental Forest (Minnesota) 20Dukes (Upper Peninsula) Experimental Forest (Michigan) .22Kaskaskia Experimental Forest (Illinois) ..24Lower Peninsula Experimental Forest (Michigan) 26Marcell Experimental Forest (Minnesota) .28Paoli Experimental Forest (Indiana) 31Pike Bay Experimental Forest (Minnesota) .33Sinkin Experimental Forest (Missouri) 35Udell Experimental Forest (Michigan) 37Northern Research Station (formerly Northeastern Research Station)Baltimore Ecosystem Study (Maryland) 39Bartlett Experimental Forest (New Hampshire) .42Fernow Experimental Forest (West Virginia) ..44Hubbard Brook Experimental Forest (New Hampshire) 46Kane Experimental Forest (Pennsylvania) ..48Massabesic Experimental Forest (Maine) 50Penobscot Experimental Forest (Maine) ..52Silas Little Experimental Forest (New Jersey) 54Vinton Furnace Experimental Forest (Ohio) 57Bonanza Creek Experimental Forest/Caribou-Poker Creeks Research Watershed (Alaska) .60Cascade Head Experimental Forest (Oregon) ..63Entiat Experimental Forest (Washington) .66H. J. Andrews Experimental Forest (Oregon) .68Maybeso Experimental Forest (Alaska) 70Pringle Falls Experimental Forest (Oregon) 72South Umpqua Experimental Forest (Oregon) ..75Starkey Experimental Forest and Range (Oregon) .76Wind River Experimental Forest (Washington) .78Young Bay Experimental Forest (Alaska) .80Blacks Mountain Experimental Forest (California) ..82Caspar Creek Experimental Watershed (California) ..84Challenge Experimental Forest (California) 86

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Hawaii Experimental Tropical Forest (Hawaii) 88North Mountain Experimental Area (California) .91Onion Creek Experimental Forest (California) ..93Redwood Experimental Forest (California) .95Sagehen Experimental Forest (California) ..97San Dimas Experimental Forest (California) ..99San Joaquin Experimental Range (California) ..101StanislausŒTuolumne Experimental Forest (California) .103Swain Mountain Experimental Forest (California) .105Teakettle Experimental Forest (California) 107Rocky Mountain Research StationBlack Hills Experimental Forest (South Dakota) 110 Boise Basin Experimental Forest (Idaho) ..111 Coram Experimental Forest (Montana) ..113 Deception Creek Experimental Forest (Idaho) 116 Desert Experimental Range (Utah) ..118 Fort Valley Experimental Forest (Arizona) .120Fraser Experimental Forest (Colorado) ..122Glacier Lakes Ecosystem Experiments Site (Wyoming) 125Great Basin Experimental Range (Utah) 128Long Valley Experimental Forest (Arizona) ..130Manitou Experimental Forest (Colorado) ..131Priest River Experimental Forest (Idaho) ..134Sierra Ancha Experimental Forest (Arizona) 136Tenderfoot Creek Experimental Forest (Montana) 137Southern Research StationAlum Creek Experimental Forest (Arkansas) ..140Bent Creek Experimental Forest (North Carolina) .142Blue Valley Experimental Forest (North Carolina) .144Calhoun Experimental Forest (South Carolina) ..146Chipola Experimental Forest (Florida) .148Coweeta Hydrologic Laboratory (North Carolina) .150Crossett Experimental Forest (Arkansas) .152Delta Experimental Forest (Mississippi) .154Escambia Experimental Forest (Alabama) 156Harrison Experimental Forest (Mississippi) ..158Hitchiti Experimental Forest (Georgia) 160Koen Experimental Forest (Arkansas) ..162Olustee Experimental Forest (Florida) 164Palustris Experimental Forest (Louisiana) .166Santee Experimental Forest (South Carolina) .168Scull Shoals Experimental Forest (Georgia) 170Stephen F. Austin Experimental Forest (Texas) .172Sylamore Experimental Forest (Arkansas) 174Tallahatchie Experimental Forest (Mississippi) ..176Appendix: in Descriptions of Experimental Forests and Ranges .178

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Introduction In 2002, an historic meeting was held by managers of Experimental Forests and Ranges of the USDA Forest Service at the H.J. Andrews Experimental Forest in Oregon. The publication, fiExperimental Forests and ranges of the USDA Forest Servicefl, published in 2004, was one of the products of that meeting. Since the original publication, Experimental Forests and Ranges have gained added prominence and there has been signi˜cant progress in development of our network of Experimental Forests and Ranges. As we approach the 100th anniversary of Experimental Forests, we have commissioned two new experimental forests (Sagehen and Hawaii), added additional research areas (Baltimore Ecosystem Study, and North Mountain Research Area) and decommissioned two experimental forests (Kawishi and McCormick). Two research stations (Northeastern and North Central) have merged and additional resources have been provided to expand our capabilities and our visibility. This CD-ROM publication is a revision of the original General Technical Report NE-321, and provides a snapshot of Experimental Forests and Ranges network in early 2008. We have corrected errors of fact, and have added descriptions of new experimental forests, ranges, and sites. The intent was to make the information in this volume up to date and more accessible, but without a truly signi˜cant revision. Therefore, while experimental forests within the North Central and Northeastern Research Stations are now part of the new Northern Research Station, we did not attempt to change each instance where the original station names appeared. The experimental sites from the Northern Research Station are now grouped together, but signi˜cant reformatting of pages and text did not occur. This publication has the advantage of being searchable and more portable than a print version. It is our intention to make necessary changes quickly as the experimental forest and range network continues to evolve and develop into its second century.

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2¥ Address the issues that affect experimental forest/range managers in accomplishing their research mission, and identify proposed solutions or suggested avenues to deal with them. ¥ Develop Forest Service experimental forests as a network for intersite research and broader scale research and to communicate research results to a broad array of clients and to anticipate and address natural resource research questions in a creative and productive fashion. This publication, a compilation of information about the experimental forests and ranges of the USDA Forest Service, is only one outcome of this workshop. The information provided in this publication should prove useful and interesting for current and potential collaborators, for readers interested in forestry and ecosystem research, and for those seeking interesting opportunities for Þ eld visits. Each description provides information on the history, climate, soils, vegetation, and research conducted at each experimental forest or range and provides contact information. These descriptions were prepared by the dedicated people who work and sometimes live on these experimental forests and ranges. Contributors to this volume include Mary Beth Adams, Jim Barnett, Eric Berg, Floyd Bridgwater, John Brissette, Mason Bryant, Susan Cordell, Ken Davidson, Carol DeMuth, Renee Denton, Dan Dey, Brian Dick, Chris Eagar, Peter Garrett, Russ Graham, Sarah Greene, Jim Guldin, Robert Haack, Howard Halverson, Clifford Harwell, John Hom, Terry Jain, Sherri Johnson, Boone Kaufman, Stan Kitchen, Randy Kolka, William F. Laudenslayer, Jr., Ted Leininger, Tom Lisle, Dave Loftis, Ernest Lovett, Ariel E. Lugo, Durant McArthur, Ward McCaughey, Charlie McMahon, Dan Marion, Garland Mason, Todd Mowrer, Robert Musselman, Dan Neary, Dana Nelson, Malcolm North, William Oliver, Ken Outcalt, Brian Palik, Timothy Paysen, Dave Peterson, Felix Ponder, Jr., Bob Powers, Rich Pouyat, Kathryn Purcell, Martin Ritchie, Jane Rodrigue, Michael G. Ryan, Ray Shearer, Wayne Shepperd, Dave Shriner, Marie- Louise Smith, Winston Smith, Julie Smithbauer, John Stanturf, Terry Strong, Susan Stout, Brenda Strohmeyer, Fred Swanson, Steve Tapia, Ron Thill, Frank Thompson, Carl Trettin, Jerry Van Sambeek, Sandy Verry, Jim Vose, Tom Waldrop, Marilyn Walker, Melvin Warren, Dale Weigel, Karen Whitehall, David Wiese, Richard Woodsmith, Brenda E. Wright, Tricia Wurtz, Dan Yaussy, Andrew Youngblood, and John Zasada.

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3 Table 1.ŠLocation and basic climate data on experimental forests and ranges of the USDA Forest Service Experimental Mean annual or annual Mean annual forest/range Location Vegetation range in temperature precipitation International Institute of Tropical Forestry ¡C mm Estate Thomas St Croix. U.S. Plantations of mahogany, 26.7 1,100 Virgin Islands teak, toona Luquillo Puerto Rico Evergreen broadleaf 19 to 25 2,000-5,000 tropical forest Northern Research Station (formerly North Central Research Station) Argonne Wisconsin Northern hardwoods/ 5 813 lowland conifers Big Falls Minnesota Lowland black spruce -35 to 32 500-640 forest Coulee Wisconsin Upland oaks, hardwood, 6.7 864 plantations Cutfoot Sioux Minnesota Red pine -35 to 32 500-640 Dukes Upper Peninsula, Northern hardwoods & 5 864 Michigan hemlock/hardwoods Kaskaskia Southern Illinois Mixed hardwood forests 13 1,098 Lower Peninsula Lower Peninsula, Oak, aspen, northern -12 to 26 800 Michigan hardwoods Marcell Minnesota Forested peatlands & 3.3 780 upland hardwoods Paoli Southern Indiana Mixed hardwoods, 13 1,092 oak-hickory Pike Bay Minnesota Aspen -35 to 32 500-650 Sinkin Missouri Northern red oak/ -9 to 27 1,118 white oak Udell Lower peninsula, Oak, aspen 5.7 790 Michigan Continued

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4Northern Research Station (formerly Northeastern Research Station) Baltimore Baltimore, Maryland Hardwood forest to 12.8 1090 urban developed Bartlett New Hampshire Northern hardwoods -5 to 32 1,270 Fernow West Virginia Mixed mesophytic 8.9 1,470 hardwoods Hubbard Brook New Hampshire Northern hardwoods/ 5.6 1,400 spruce-Þ r Kane Pennsylvania Allegheny hardwoods/ 6.1 1,100 northern hardwoods Massabesic Maine Eastern white pine/ 8.1 1,188 northern red oak Penobscot Maine Mixed northern conifers 6.6 1,060 Silas Little Southern New Jersey Pine barrens -2 to 25 1,150 Vinton Furnace Southeastern Ohio Upland mixed-oaks 11.3 1,024 PaciÞ c Northwest Research Station Bonanza Creek Interior Alaska Taiga forest -50 to 33 269 Cascade Head Central Oregon coast Sitka spurce/western 10 2,450 hemlock Entiat North central Ponderosa pine/ -4 to 18 580 Washington Douglas-Þ r H.J. Andrews Cascade Range, Oregon Douglas-Þ r/ 1 to 18 2,400 western hemlock Maybeso Southeastern Alaska Sitka spruce/western 6.7 2,740 hemlock Pringle Falls Central Oregon Ponderosa pine -3 to 16 610-1,020 South Umpqua Southern Cascade Mixed conifer 9.0 880-1,560 Range, Oregon Starkey Interior Oregon Bunchgrass scabland/ -30 to 37 510 ponderosa pine Wind River Southwest Washington Douglas-Þ r/western 8.7 2,223 hemlock Young Bay Southwest Alaska Sitka spruce/western -8 to 25 1,500 hemlock Table 1.Šcontinued Experimental Mean annual or annual Mean annual forest/range Location Vegetation range in temperature precipitation Continued

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5PaciÞ c Southwest Research Station Blacks Mountain Central California Interior ponderosa pine -9 to 29 460 Challenge Sierra Nevada California PaciÞ c ponderosa pine 6 to 21 1,727 Caspar Creek Northern California Mixed conifers 12 1,200 Hawaii Hawaii Wet and dry tropical 17 to 28 250-1220 forests and grasslands North Mountain Southern California Chaparral 3 to 32 250 Onion Creek Central California Red Þ r, white Þ r, Jeffrey -14 to 30 1,060 pine/dry meadows Redwood Northern California Coastal redwood 1,930 Sagehen California Grassland, shrub, mixed conifer -10 to 26 847 San Dimas Southern California Mixed chaparral San Joaquin Central California Blue oak-foothill 5.6 to 26.7 486 pine woodland Stanislaus-Tuolmne Central California Sierra Nevada/ -23 to 35 940 mixed Conifer Swain Mountain California Red Þ r/white Þ r/ -23 to 29 1,243-1,270 Lodgepole pine Teakettle Southern Sierra Nevada, Mixed conifer, red Þ r, -15 to 32 1,250 California Jeffrey pine, lodgepole pine Rocky Mountain Research Station Black Hills South Dakota Ponderosa pine 7 to 32 500 Boise Basin Southern Idaho Ponderosa pine -4 to 19 635 Coram Northwestern Montana Western larch and -40 to 39 851 interior Douglas-Þ r Deception Creek Northern Idaho Western hemlock 6 1,400 Desert Utah Salt-desert shrub -3.5 to 23.3 157 Fort Valley Arizona Ponderosa pine 7 574 Fraser Colorado Subalpine forests/ 0.5 432-711 alpine tundra Table 1.Šcontinued Experimental Mean annual or annual Mean annual forest/range Location Vegetation range in temperature precipitation Continued

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